Sewing With Your Serger


The serger type of sewing machines will make the life of the seamster more convenient and more manageable. They can't replace the standard sewing machine since they have limited yet specialized functions. If you are new to sewing, you need to be aware of the features you should look for on a specialized machine. The serger will trim the seam and close the edge of the cloth. It helps accomplish a range of tasks in just a single process.


What are the Features of the Serger


Sewing With Your Serger

We usually choose to finish our seam using the standard sewing machine since we lack understanding about our serger. In this article, we will make it easier for you to understand the various features of your serger. It will help you eliminate the stress that comes with overlock stitches.



 Sewing With Your Serger

You need to analyze the feed dog of your serger to understand if you have a differential feed. You should be able to notice two sets. The differential feed will help you move the fabric at a different rate. If the first differential feed moves two times faster than the other differential feed, you will notice how the materials are gathering or bunching together. If the first feed moves slower than the second, it will cause the cloth to stretch. The fabric will steadily pass through the serger when you set the differential feed at the standard rate (1.0).


Stitch Length

 Sewing With Your Serger

The stitch length of our serger functions similarly to the stitch length of the typical sewing machine. It means that if you want the stitches to be apart, you need to set the stitch length at a higher number. On the other hand, the smaller number will lead to closer stitches. The setting can be adjusted if you want to alter the appearance of the stitch. You may also use it to adjust the gatherings of the fabric.


Stitch Width


The stitch width of the serger machine may confuse even the long-time users. You will find it challenging to control the width of your stitches. Remember that when you are changing the stitch width of the serger, the cutting blades are being moved. To take advantage of this setting, ensure that the stitches will enclose at the edge of the fabric. If the stitch width is too narrow, you will notice that the stitch is hanging off the edge of the material. Try to adjust it until the thread perfectly fits on the edge of the fabric.


Stitch Fingers

 Sewing With Your Serger

For those who want a narrow stitch, you might want to consider removing the stitch finger. Observe the throat plate of your serger; you probably notice the small pins that are located next to the feed dog. These 'needle' is known as stitch fingers. There are some versions of serger that have a removable type of stitch fingers. It basically works like a knitting needle. The loop will be wrapped around it to create the stitch. You will notice how the stitch becomes narrower by eliminating the 'removable' stitch finger.


Removing the stitch finger will vary from one machine to another. Some devices require you to adjust the throat plate, and others come with a slider that allows it to slide from side to side. If you are not sure about this, consult your user manual or call your manufacturer.


Choosing the Right Serger Stitch

 Sewing With Your Serger

Sergers come with a variety of thread options. You will be able to create an array of results and stitches based on the thread options that you used. The more expensive type of serger will have the highest number of options.


·         2-4 thread serging- This type of machine can create a two-thread seam. Two-threads will be utilized on every operation. You may also use this stitch to create the stitch separately.


·         3-4 thread serging- This machine can fulfill its function using 3-4 threads. However, the 4-thread serging will give you a stronger and broader seam. This type of serge machine will typically constitute a 'hem' feature by simply changing the throat plate. 4-thread serging is also referred to as 'mock safety.' It is because the seam created has the fundamental strength of the safety stitch.

 Sewing With Your Serger


·         5 Thread Seam- This is the premium type of serger. It comes with all the thread options that you are looking for. There are at least three threads used to create the over-locked edge, and the other two threads are used to create the straight seam. It is the type of stitches that you usually find on ready-to-wear clothes.


The Functions of the Serger


As we mentioned above, a serger is a machine that utilizes multiple threads. While it may seem intimidating at first, the primary type of serger can function with three threads. Come to think of it, that is just one extra thread from the standard kind of sewing machine. The sergers of today are equipped with decorative and utility functions. Here are some of them.

 Sewing With Your Serger

·         Seam Finishing- You will adore how the serger finishes the seam; it is neat and provides allowances on the fabric.


·         Seaming Knit- The overlock stitch comes with an inherent stitch finger that makes them perfect for knitting fabrics.



·         Gathering- The gathering foot of your serger will make it easier for you to create a ruffle on your granddaughter's garment. You can also add decoration to your pillow or other fabric decoration in your house.


·         Cover stitching- This is a stitch that you will generally find in ready-to-wear garments. Note that not all types of sergers come with a built-in cover-stitching.


·         Rolled Hem- If you want to create a quick hem on your children's garment, the serger can quickly fulfill that function. It is also ideal for whipping up napkins.


·         Creating Chain Stitch- The sergers provide the perfect solution if you want to make a chain stitch for your denim. You may also use it with your cotton skirt.


·         Elasticator- While this application is practical, the function is also limited. It is great when creating a fantastic half-slip.


Troubleshooting Your Serger


All types of machinery and equipment will reach a breaking point. If this happens with your serger, make sure that you remember the guide that we will provide below to troubleshoot your machine successfully.


Unthreading Needle

 Sewing With Your Serger

It is perhaps one of the most common issues you encounter when using a serger. It can happen on one or two of your needles. This issue is quite irritating, and you can quickly lose your focus. Before starting your stitching, the needles should be adequately threaded with more than an inch of the thread. As you sew, the needle will push upward. Ensure that the tail of the thread is long enough that will prevent it from pulling out of the needle.


Fabric Issue


Another common issue with your serger is that the fabric refuses to stay still when starting your stitches. If you are experiencing this, take a look at your presser foot. Make sure that you do not forget to lower it. Presser's foot is designed to hold the fabric in place. It also guarantees that the material will remain straight and that the blade can cut it neatly.


Uneven Stitching

 Sewing With Your Serger

An uneven stitch can ruin the whole project. If you want to guarantee that the seams are correctly stitched, you need to check if the tension of the thread is appropriate. Start by adjusting the tension dials of your serger. You need to perform some trial and error until you achieve the desired setting. You need to remain patient to find the tension suitable for the application.

 Sewing With Your Serger

You also need to remember that the serger will experience the problem that we encounter in a standard sewing machine. You might also want to familiarize yourself with the sewing machine's primary function and problems. If you are just a beginner in using the serger, the common issues can make the entire experience frustrating. Hopefully, you have achieved an in-depth understanding of your serger with this article. When you understand the machine, you will rectify any problems related to it.

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